Saturday, 28 March 2015

High Living Touch Me Not Balsam.

St. Catherine's is a stronghold of the nationally scarce touch me not balsam plants which are the only food source for the rare netted carpet moth caterpillars.

As they are annuals and sensitive ones at that, the numbers of touch me not plants can vary greatly from year to year, depending if weather conditions are good or bad or other variables; this correspondingly affects the annual moth populations.

Netted Carpet Moth on Balsam leaf.
At St. Catherine's a great deal of work has been done over the years in an attempt to maintain or increase the number of plants each year; the aim is to ensure there are plenty of plants on which the moths lay their eggs and plenty of plants for the caterpillars to feed on.

An image of a Touch Me Not seedling (March 20th) about the size of a little finger nail...

..but what is unusual is that this seedling was spotted growing at a height of six feet on the west side of the wall at St. Catherine's.

 Altogether 30 seedlings have been seen on the wall ...

...happily growing amongst the moss and the ferns. 

An image of the fully grown plant in late July showing caterpillar, flower and seed capsule; when it is ready, the plant material inside the capsule suddenly forms into a twisted coil and this propels the seeds far and wide.

However it was still a surprise to find seedlings on the wall especially so high up; to my knowledge they have not been known to have grown on this wall before.

More posts on The Netted Carpet Moth, and the Touch Me Not Balsam plant may be found on this Blog.

Sunday, 22 March 2015

Wood Pasture Fence at Troutbeck Park Farm.

In partnership with the tenant farmer, the National Trust has embarked on a major long term project to improve the wood pasture at Troutbeck Park Farm.

The work is grant aided by Natural England through the Higher Level Stewardship scheme.

Part of the project involves fencing off a section of the 'Troutbeck Tongue.' This area will be grazed by a small number of hardy cattle. Sheep will be excluded, thus allowing wood pasture to regenerate after decades of over grazing.

The problem was to get the fencing materials up on to this steep and difficult terrain.

The Central and East Lakes Rangers and the Fell Rangers worked together to complete this daunting task.

The first leg of the journey: This is as far as the 'pickup truck' and trailer will go.
"She'll take no more Captain!"

The next phase of the journey: The indispensable power barrows loaded up with posts. Dave, James and Steve keeping the barrow level!
Troutbeck Farm can be seen in the distance at the head of the valley.

Onwards and upwards. Pete and Ade, Fell Rangers, on the second leg of the journey.

The power barrows have reached their limit and can go no further.
Nic and Laura seen here at the start of the last and most punishing leg of the journey.

This image does not do justice to the steepness of this incline.
Laura, Leo and Ray making their way up the gradient.

The U shaped Troutbeck Valley below.

And on into the mist.

Wood pastures are of historic and cultural importance. In addition they provide a precious habitat for rare and specialised species that are so dependent on old trees.

Managing the grazing effectively will bring long term benefits to wildlife and the landscape by ensuring that there will be more veteran trees in the future.

Below are images of wood pasture from previous posts.

An ancient Alder at Glenamara Park.
Image © S.Dowson. Area Ranger, Ullswater.

Wood Pasture at Glenamara Park.
Image © S.Dowson.

A pollarded ash at Troutbeck Park Farm.

Several related posts are on this Blog....Glenamara Park...Plantations on Ancient Wood Pasture... Trees + Cows = Wood Pasture ...Tree Planting and Pollards in Wood Pasture at Troutbeck Park Farm.

Friday, 13 March 2015

Wooden Raised Beds at the Footprint. Warning to Arachnophobes: Image of spider in this post.

Recently we have constructed six raised beds near the Footprint, mainly for visiting children to plant up and care for in the years to come.

The raised beds were constructed from (heavyweight!) oak 'sleepers,'
   cut to size with a chain saw, and then transported to the site by 'power barrow.'

The ground has been levelled and construction can now begin!

We disturbed what we think is a cave spider (Meta menardi?) at the base of the wall. It looks intimidating but is believed to be harmless; even so, it was carefully relocated!

The timber was given the 'distressed look!"

Broken slate and stone was tipped in for drainage prior to adding...

...the top soil.

A gravelled pathway was put in around the beds, being raked by Ray.

A raised bed was also put in place along the top of the bund that borders the St. Catherine's/Footprint car park.

Stepover fruit trees will be planted about 4 feet apart...marked out by the wooden pegs. Holes have been dug and filled with compost prior to planting the trees.

Step-over trees are single tier espaliers trained to grow between 18" to 2' high.

In this instance wood that could be 'trained' to follow the
 curvature of the bund was used to good effect.

The top soil.

The raised bed is ready and awaiting the trees arrival.

This post will be updated, with a progress report, once the trees
 and the plants are established.

Monday, 23 February 2015

Aira Force Tea Room - OPEN

After a winter of refurbishments, Aira Force tea room is finally open again and back under the management of the National Trust.

There has been a tea room at Aira Force in some form or another for at least 65 years (possibly even longer).

This picture was taken in the 1960’s. There have been quite a few changes since those days.

Although the wooden structure has gone, the main part of the building is still standing, with a new stone extension (added around the 1970’s).

The tea room has been owned by the National Trust ever since Aira Force was acquired, but it has been let out to various different tenants throughout the years. It was decided last year that it was about time this beautifully positioned building with fantastic views of Lake Ullswater came back in hand, and be run by the National Trust.

The inside and outside of the building had seen better days.

A complete refurbishment was needed, work started in late 2014 with the complete gutting of the inside. As with any refurbishment there are always problems arising that hadn't been planned for.

However with such a fantastic team every one knuckled down and helped out to get all the finishing touches completed on time.

A vast improvement, I think you will agree?

The tea room is now open 7 days a week, 10:30am-16:30pm. Please drop in to see the improvements for yourself.

By late spring Ullswater Steamers will have also built a pier on Aira Green, only a few hundred yards from the Tea Room. This will mean that visitors can hop on a steamer at Glenridding, have a lovely stroll around Aira Force, then enjoy the delights of the Tea room, before heading back to Glenridding along the new Lake side path.

What better way to spend a spring afternoon!

Friday, 13 February 2015

Millerground Enhancement Group. Path improvements on Queen Adelaide's Hill, and how to tell a Stoss End from a Lee Slope!

Queen Adelaide's Hill is situated to the east of Windermere, above Millerground, with magnificent views over the lake's widest point. 

It is a large drumlin, a rounded, elongated hill formed from an accumulation of glacial debris. A large proportion of the heterogeneous mix of glacial till consists of gravel.

The steep north facing slope (Stoss end) rises to the hill's highest point; the long south facing slope (Lee slope) tapers down gradually in the direction of the former ice flow.

View of Fairfield and Loughrigg to the north. 
This is the steep STOSS END and it once faced the ice flow.

View of Belle Isle and Claife looking south down the long gentle incline of the LEE SLOPE. (This slope indicates the direction of flow of the ancient glacier)

The Queen Adelaide's Hill path on its eastern flank was in need of attention; it had become very slippery.

The Millerground Enhancement Group decided to make the route to and from the top of Queen Adelaide's Hill safer. Cutting back the turf and exposing the drumlin's gravel gives a much grippier surface on the steep slope.

Members of the Windermere and Bowness Civic Society, students from Windermere School, and NT rangers working together on the path.

Completed section of path near the top of the hill.

The 'hairpin bend' is so steep that steps were deemed necessary.
(Putting in the 'risers')

The word drumlin is derived from the Gaelic word druim (rounded hill or mound)
Many hands make light work. A great deal was achieved in under two hours.

This post will be updated when more path and landscape work has been completed.

The completed steps near the top that lead to a wooden bench.

The greatly improved footpath is proving very popular!

Queen Adelaide's Hill was the choice of many from which to watch the only two airworthy Avro Lancaster bombers flying from north to south over Windermere!
Sept 7th. 2014. Image © V. Caudrey.